Glossary

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P R S T U V W X
There are 13 names in this directory beginning with the letter P.
Patent
Legal title that gives inventors the right, for a limited period (usually 20 years), to prevent others from making, using or selling their invention without their permission in the countries for which the patent has been granted. More

Patent Abandonment
The reply of an applicant to an office action must be made within a prescribed time limit. If no reply is received within the time period, the application may be considered, depending on the jurisdiction, as abandoned or deemed to be withdrawn, and, therefore, no longer pending. More

Patent Abstract
Part of a patent application or specification. Contains a brief summary of the invention. More

Patent Application
Request for patent protection for an invention filed with a patent office. More

Patent Attorney
A patent attorney is an attorney who has the specialized qualifications necessary for representing clients in obtaining patents and acting in all matters and procedures relating to patent law and practice, such as filing an opposition. More

Patent Co-operation Treaty (PCT)
International treaty under which a single international patent application can be filed for patent protection in up to 144 countries. More

Patent Description
Part of a patent application or specification. Discloses the invention as claimed, specifies the technical field to which the invention relates and indicates any prior art the applicant is aware of. More

Patent Family
Set of interrelated patent applications filed in one or more countries to protect the same or a similar invention by a common inventor and linked by a common priority (or priorities). More

Patent Infringement
Patent infringement is the commission of a prohibited act with respect to a patented invention without permission from the patent holder. Permission may typically be granted in the form of a license. The definition of patent infringement may vary by jurisdiction, but it typically includes using or selling the patented invention. In many countries, a use is required to be commercial (or to have a commercial purpose) to constitute patent infringement More

Patent Pool
An agreement under which one or more patent owners license their patented technology either to each other, or to third parties. It is often used for technologies that consist of multiple complementary aspects and in situations where all parties mutually benefit from sharing the constituent technologies involved. More

Patent Prosecution
Patent prosecution describes the interaction between applicants and their representatives, and a patent office with regard to a patent, or an application for a patent. Broadly, patent prosecution can be split into pre-grant prosecution, which involves negotiation with a patent office for the grant of a patent, and post-grant prosecution, which involves issues such as post-grant amendment and opposition. Patent prosecution is distinct from patent litigation, which describes legal action relating to the infringement of patents. More

Patentability
Patent applications must meet certain requirements for a patent to be granted. If these requirements are satisfied, the invention is said to be patentable. More

Prior art
Prior art is, in general, all the knowledge that existed prior to the relevant filing or priority date of a patent application, whether it existed by way of written and oral disclosure. In some legal instruments there is a differentiation between printed publications, oral disclosures and prior use and where the publications or disclosure occurred. (WIPO Intellectual Property Handbook, WIPO Publication No. 489 (E), 2008, p. 19) More

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